Apocalyptic Identities and Spatial Segregation: a Lefebvrian Study of Bhathena’s a Girl Like that


  • Mobeen Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Sufyan Afzal, Faiza Saeed, Wajiha Saleem


Spatial injustice, spatial segregation, third space, right to the city, capitalism, postmodernism


This study explores the concept of spatial injustice and segregation in A Girl Like That (2018) by Tanaz Bhathena. It further analyzes that this spatial segregation is because of the unjust behavior of city bourgeoisie with minority expats in Jeddah city. It also establishes how different characters are being victimized by spatial cleansing and material geographies in the consequence of capitalism and globalization. This research further demonstrates how capitalistic hegemony strengthens the implementation of spatial segregation and how people suffer amid spatial abstraction prevailing in Jeddah city. In postmodernist perspective, space is not merely something in which we live rather it has a great influence in shaping a person’s identity. In this context, under the arguments of Henri Lefebvre’s spatial production and Edward William Soja’s concept of spatial justice with special focus on Marxist concerns this research argues how in A Girl Like That different characters i.e. Zarin Wadia, Porus Dumasia, Rustam Uncle and Khorshed Aunty are struggling for space and how they are resisting against spatial injustice while using the fluidity of space. This research attempts to justify how the peculiarity of a character is becoming the casualty of capitalism and in due course leads to spatial injustice in person’s life with reference to the main characters in the novel that is even against the human ethics. This document concludes that the kick of spatial resistance not in favor of the urban capital and violation of social immobilities/barriers are turning Jeddah into a space of diminished local identities that causes severe confusion into the minds of city habitants.