(Study of ISIS Counter Terrorism Strategy in Indonesia)


  • Agus Surya Bakti, Hafied Cangara, Dwia Aries Tina Palubuhu, Eriyanto


There are two main issues that currently become the backbone of terrorist groups, namely the use of media and communication networks. If the media is mostly used to spread terror teachings and recruit new members, then the communication network is used as a motor to drive terror groups. By using communication networks, terrorist groups have developed at least three new movement models, namely Phantom Cell Network, Leaderless Resistance, and Lone Wolf. In Indonesia, the ISIS group mobilizes its group by optimizing the communication network, especially by exploiting holes in the structure of its communication network. The hole in the network structure is then referred as the Structural Gap theory. Ronald S. Burt, who developed the study of structural gaps, saw that gaps in the network only produced communication actors (tertius) who could play two roles, namely gaudensand inguens, yet this study found that actors could play another role. Loopholes in communication networks can also be exploited for the purpose of preventing terrorism in Indonesia.