Medical Evaluation of Robotic Surgery Methods; A Review Study


  • Hoseinali Danesh, Javad Rahmati, Mahdieh Khodabandeh, Seyed Mohammadhossein Hemadi, Alireza Bahmani


Along with the advances in medical science, surgical methods have also undergone many advances. Today, with the advancement of technology in all fields, including medicine, robots have entered the medical science. These robots have many uses as well as advantages and disadvantages that they enjoy in Iran and other countries. In this study, it was addressed.This study is a review of robotic surgery methods in Iran and other countries in the form of a review study.This study is a conceptual review. The steps performed are: 1- Designing a research question, 2- Searching and extracting research-related studies, 3- Selecting related studies, 4- Tabulating and summarizing information and data, and 5- Reporting results.The results showed that robotic surgery in operations such as brain, kidney, open heart, liver, eye, laparoscopy, dental surgery, coronary artery surgery, hysterectomy, lymphadenectomy, general surgery, obstetrics, head and neck, shelf Chest, urology, endoscopy, colonoscopy, ear, nose and throat are used and have advantages such as three-dimensional vision, flexible rotation of the instrument, reduction of surgeon hand vibration with vibration filter, ease of surgery and the ability to create the required patterns It reduces the volume of blood lost during surgery, the length of stay in the hospital, the amount of pain, and subsequently the number of analgesic doses consumed in the postoperative ward. Disadvantages include the relative increase in operating time, the high cost of robots, and the physician's lack of sensory perception of the patient's environment.