Efficacy of Respiratory Physiotherapy and Remdesivir in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis


  • Alireza Bahmani, Zahra Mollashahi, Negar Shahkarami, Elahe Delavar, Hooman Esfahani


Evaluated efficacy of Respiratory Physiotherapy and Remdesivir on patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. In current systematic review and meta-analysis study, articles published January 2019 to December 1, 2021 were reviewed in the databases of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and EBSCO.Risk ratio and mean differences with 95% confidence interval (CI), fixed effect model and Mantel–Haenszel or Inverse-variance formula were calculated. The Meta analysis have been evaluated with the statistical software Stata/MP v.16 (The fastest version of Stata). Mean differences of PaO2/FiO2 ratio at 6h after chest Respiratory Physiotherapy was (MD, 66 mmHg 95 % CI 64.71 mmHg, 67.28 mmHg; p=0.0007). Risk ratio of recovery ratebetween experimental and control group was 0.20 (RR, 0.20 95 % CI 0.15, 0.25) with high heterogeneity (I2 =78.84%; p=0.00). Risk ratio of mortality ratebetween experimental and control group was -0.34 (RR, -0.34 95 % CI -0.65, -0.03) with low heterogeneity (I2<0%; p=0.51). Based on the findings of meta-analysis, Respiratory Physiotherapy can play an effective role in respiratory therapy and rehabilitation of patients admitted to the ICU with COVID-19.A meta-analysis showed that treatment with Remdesivir could increase the recovery rate, especially in the early days of COVID-19; also reduces the mortality rate.