A Study to Assess the Impact of Music on Post Operative Pain in Surgical Ward among Operated Patients


  • Justin V. Sebastian, Dr. Neenumol K. Jose


            Pain is a multi dimensional phenomenon.Pain following surgery is an unpleasant sensory and affective experience that can contribute to post operative complications, prolonging hospitalisation and recovery. Music can reduce pain intensity, length of hospitalisation stays and improves patient quality of life. Music can create diversion in pain, relaxes the mind and changes the mood. The goals of music therapy range from reduction of psychological stress, pain, anxiety and isolation to modulation of mood and behaviour modification. Evaluative approach was adopted for the study to evaluate the effectiveness of music as a diversional therapy on pain management. Pre experimental one group pre test post-test design was selected for the study. The study was conducted in B.R Ambedkar hospital Noida. The population selected for the study comprised of 30 postoperative surgery patients. The sampling technique was a non-probability, purposive sampling technique. The data collection was done  by demographic data and by assessing the pain before and after the therapy. The tools selected for the study were demographic data, Visual Analogue Scale and Opinionnaire regarding music. There was a significant reduction in pre therapy pain intensity and the post- therapy pain intensity on the first post operative day morning of the music therapy and the subsequent day. There  was  a  significant  reduction  in  mean  post-therapy  pain  scores in the morning on the first and second post operative day .There  was  a  significant  reduction  in  mean  post-therapy  pain  scoresin   the   evening   on   the   first   and  second post operative day . Majority of the subjects revealed that music therapy helped in diversion of pain. There was no significant relationship between the pre- therapy pain scores and the age, sex, area of residence, marital status, educational status, employment status, religion, recreation and type of surgery.Music therapy and pain are subjective concepts. Determining an objective cause and effect relationship between them was a challenging effort. Yet now that the relationship is evident, however minor it may be, its implication is far reaching. It was an enriching professional experience for the investigator. As this study has opened up a new zone for independent nursing practice, its potentiality requires further exploration.