Appraisal of National Education Policy 2020 -Merits & Challenges


  • Dr. Mridul Dharwal, Dr. Md. Junaid Alam, Dr. Shradha, Dr. Aarti Sharma


After a gap of 34 years, the National Education Policy 2020 is finally here to bring out several reforms in India’s education sector. It has designed a framework for schools and India’s higher education with the aim of holistic development of students combining education with life skills. The NEP 2020 stands out for several benefits it holds for the future of our education sector. However, the success of the plan is subject to how well itis implemented fromthe grassroots level. There are several unseen but powerful promises it holds for the nation at large.

The National Educational Policy launched on July 29, 2020, after approval by the Union Cabinet aims at transforming India’s overall education system by 2040. It replaces the last education policy proposed in 1986 and modified in 1992. A panel of experts led by former ISRO Chief, K.Kasturirangan discussed the issues and changes to be brought about in the Indian education system from school to college along with provision for vocational training in both rural as well as urban areas. The table given below highlights key differences in education policies of 2020 and 1986.