The impact of Abu Yusuf's socio-economic views on the lives of the people of Central Asia


  • Abduqahhor A. Rakhmonov


Arab Caliphate, Central Asia, Yaqub Abu Yusuf, Kitab ul-Kharaj, Islamic Tax System, Socio-Economic Situation in the Caliphate


By the beginning of the eighth century, Central Asia had been invaded by the Arabs, who had brought with them a new religion, Islam, and had begun to spread it among the conquered peoples in various ways. In this article, the socio-philosophical views of Yaqub Abu Yusuf ibn Ibrahim al-Kufi (735-798), known in the Islamic world as Abu Yusuf, the formation of the caliphate tax system and its impact on the lives of the peoples of Central Asia are analyzed. A number of works have been written by Abu Yusuf. Among them, the book "Kitab ul-Kharaj" is the most popular, in which the socio-philosophical views of Abu Yusuf are very well covered.

The article provides valuable historical information about Abu Yusuf's “Kitab al-Kharaj” on the basic economic and social relations in Islam and how the tax system was formed in the Arab Caliphate. A study of “Kitab ul-Kharaj” revealed that this work was not only an ancient manuscript, rather, it allows us to observe exactly what the tax system was like in the VIII-IX centuries in the caliphate and in the life of the peoples of Central Asia, and how it later changed as a result of historical evolution. This is because the tax system and attitude towards land developed by Abu Yusuf had a direct impact on the lives of the peoples of Central Asia.