Manding in Children with Autism to Decrease Problem Behaviour


  • Zikra Faiz, Dr. Asmaa Azeem, Dr. Rukhsana Bashir, Waqar Younas Warraich


Autism Spectrum Disorder, Mand, Makaton Technique, Problem Behaviour


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by impairments in social and communication skills, as well as restricted or repetitive behaviours and interests. It is estimated that between 25% and 30% of autistic children are unable to communicate. They may require the use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) strategies to communicate effectively. Makaton, a more advanced variant of ACC, was used to teach manding. Extending previous research on advanced manding skills, this study examines effective methods for teaching advanced manding skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The effectiveness of the therapies was determined using a single-case study design. The study's findings indicate that educating children with autism about manding skills decreases problem behaviour