Assessment of Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection in Febrile Children Less Than 5 Years of Age


  • Dr. Vijayalaxmi Budihal, Dr. Parvathy Balakrishnan, Dr. V. Y. Kshirsagar


Background:Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of fever in children. The present study was conducted to assess prevalence of urinary tract infection in febrile children less than 5 years of age.

Materials & Methods:60febrile child patients of suspected urinary tract infection less than 5 years of ageof both genderswere enrolled. Urine samples were collected in sterile bottle and then sent for culture and sensitivity.

Results: Out of 60 patients, males were 34 and females were 26. 0-2 years showed 10 and 2-5 years showed 12 positive urine culture. Out of 60 patients, UTI was seen among 22. Culture growth showed Klebsiella in 4, E. Coli in 12, Pseudomonas in 3 and Proteus in 3. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Antibiotic sensitivity of Nitrofurantoin was seen in 5, Gentamycin in 12, Cefoperazone        in 2 and Amikacin in 2. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).

Conclusion: The prevalence rate of urinary tract infection was quite high among children less than 5 years of age.