The Effect of Determinants of the E-Learning Effectiveness on Students’ Academic Achievement during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Application in the Saudi Context


  • Houcine Benlaria, Sawssan Saadaoui, Abu Alhassan Jumaa Hamid Hamad, Tarig Osman Abdallah Helal


Based on its importance in continuing education during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study aims to identify, at first, the E-learning effectiveness determinants in order to verify, later, their effect on the students’ academic achievements. Determinants were selected on the basis of the studies carried out on this subject. These are administrative support, course content, course design, technical support, the role of a faculty member, and the role of the student. To study students’ perceptions of E-learning effectiveness and its relationship to academic achievement, an inferential statistics cross-sectional survey of students from higher education institutions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire. With a sample size of 422, all levels of bachelor students participated in the study. Utilizing the SmartPLS program, this study applied a structural equation modeling (SEM) technique. The findings revealed that there is a positive relationship between the set of determinants of E-learning effectiveness and students’ academic achievements during the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, a significant difference was discovered in the perception of the students between gender, level of the course, and quality of E-learning in the higher education sector during the COVID-19 pandemic.