Factors Affecting Character Education in the Development of the Profile of Pancasila Students: The Case of Indonesia


  • Amrazi Zakso, Iskandar Agung, Etty Sofyatiningrum, M. Calvin Capnary


character, participation, instructor/expert, informal leaders, Pancasila student


This study seeks to explain the influence of School Principal Vision (VPL), Extracurricular Activities (EAC), Avaibility Experts / Instructors / Coach (AIE), the role of Non-formal / Informal Leader (NCL), Parents' Participation (PPS), and Community Activity Center (CAC). ) as exogenous latent variables to endogenous latent variables of character education in schools (CES). The research was conducted on 11th grade high school students with a sample size of 720 people. Data collection was carried out through distributing questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions (FGD. The analysis was carried out through the Structural Equation Model (SEM) using the LISREL 8.70 program. The results showed that there was a positive influence between exogenous latent variables on endogenous latent variables. It is necessary to pay attention to the implementation of character education in schools, as well as indicators of each variable that contribute the strongest, namely: development of school and external cooperation (VPL); variations in extracurricular activities (EAC); involvement of community activity centers (AIE); role of non-formal / informal as a driver of community activities (NCL); provision of expert staff / instructors / coaches (PPS) for character education; and qualifications of instructors / trainers who are competent in organizing extracurricular activities (CAC)). Furthermore, character education in schools (CES) has a positive impact on the development of Pancasila (PSD) students.