Role of Gelsolin serum levels in Rheumatoid arthritis in Iraqi patients


  • Mena Y. Abd, Zainab Abd A. Razak Al-Sharifi, Nizar Abd Lateef Jasim


Rheumatoid arthritis, Rheumatoid factor, Anticitrullinated protein antibodies, Gelsolin.


Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, immunologically mediated disease, manifesting as synovitis of multiple, peripheral joints and ensuing in irreversible joint damage. Gelsolin (GSN) could be a multifunctional protein with actin filament severing, capping, and nucleating activity, ensnared primarily within the remodeling of cytoskeletal structure, which eventually decides cell shape, chemotaxis, and discharge, Factors regulating actin actin-binding properties of gelsolin incorporate pH, phosphoinositide’s, lysophosphatidic corrosive, and Ca2+. The ~82–84 kDa protein comprises of 730 amino acids organized into six homologous spaces (G1 through G6), with each one embroiled in one or more organic capacities of GSN. Methodology: The present study was included two groups ,40 patients with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and 40 subjects as healthy control group. We investigate RF, ACPA, ptx3, all parameters including in this study were done by using ELISA methods. Results: The results of this study showing significant decreasing (p-value < 0.05) in GSN, in RA group comparing to control group. In conclusion Plasma gelsolin levels decrease in long-term chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases and in people groups with ischemic stroke. The plasma gelsolin sequestration at destinations of harm or clearance with circulating actin are the vital causes of diminished plasma gelsolin concentrations after intense harm, the Gelsolin has both antiapoptotic and proapoptotic functions.