Wetland Health analysis Using WQI in the Barpeta District, Assam


  • Dr. Anjan Deka


Wetland, Ecology, Economy, flora, fauna


Wetlands are can be considered a vital part of the landscape ecosystem. In India, there has 4.63% of the total geographical area is under natural or man-made wetland. Wetlands that are locally called  ‘Beels’ in Assam are important geomorphic units that have a great role in the ecology and economy of a particular area.  Aside from acting as ideal habitats for feeding, nesting, and breeding of a wide variety of fish, birds, and other aquatic species, wetlands help to maintain the region's environmental quality. Man's reliance on and interaction with wetlands is significant since he has benefited from the numerous resources. However, growing anthropogenic activities such as intensive farming techniques, overfishing, industrial effluent disposal, and urban wastewater have altered the wetlands' physical, chemical, and biological properties. The current study is focused on nine selected beels in the Barpeta district. The health of wetlands is determined by the quality of their water and soil. Water samples from these wetlands were collected using a random sampling technique and tested to learn more about how the wetlands were degrading. Pollution causes wetlands to become contaminated, resulting in the extinction of native flora and fauna as well as the introduction of invasive foreign species. The reduction in water quality, as well as ecosystem goods and services, necessitates the deployment of long-term management measures for these wetlands to be recovered and used to support the rural population.