Perceived Parenting Style and Coping Style of Opioid Dependent Adolescent


  • Elangbam Priyokumar Singh, Dr. Thiyam Kiran Singh, Payal Kanwar Chandel



According to the National Household Survey on Magnitude of Substance use in India 2019, the prevalence of use of any opioid is around 2%. Like any other substance dependence, opioid dependence affects various aspects of physical, psychological and socio-occupational functioning and it poses a huge burden on the individual, the family and the society at large. So, the present study was undertaken to better understand the opioid dependence among adolescents and help in management.

Purpose: The present study explored differences in perceived parenting style and coping style between opioid and healthy control adolescents.


The sample consisted of 60 males aged 10-19 years which include 30 opioid dependent adolescents (cases) and 30 healthy control adolescents. The 30 cases were recruited through convenient sampling from different rehabilitation centres located in the valley districts of Manipur, and30 normal participants were inducted through same sampling technique. The participants were administered the Scale of Parenting Style (Gafoor K.A, & Kurukkan, A., 2014) and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) (Endler & Parker, 1999). Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, mean and S.D were used. Chi square, independent sample t- test and Mann-Whitney U test.


The study found Negligent and Authoritarian parenting style were higher in parents of opioid dependent adolescents. Whereas, authoritative and indulgent parenting style were found mostly adopted by parents of non-opioid adolescents. It was also observed that comparatively opioid and non-opioid dependent adolescents adopt more of Emotion oriented and Task oriented as a coping style respectively.


 Authoritative and Indulgent parenting style and task oriented coping were found as a better way to handle opioid dependents in adolescents.